Rotavirus is an infection type which is quite prevalent among children below the age group of 5. It is a contagious & high-transmittable disease that affects millions of children each year across the globe.
Adults also can get rotavirus infections, but the symptoms are less severe. Some of the common symptoms of this virus are as follows:-
- Abdominal Pain
- Nausea Feeling
Doctors widely prescribe an ELISA kit for the diagnosis of rotavirus infection. This test determines the antibodies produced in the blood in response to the disease. It involves taking blood samples from the arm, which is sent to the lab for analysis, and the results come in less than 24 hours.
How Rotavirus Disease can be Treated?
As of now, there is no specific cure for rotavirus infection. Antivirals & antibodies don’t treat this virus. Generally, the symptoms of the rotavirus become less severe within three to seven days.
Dehydration is the biggest concern associated with rotavirus. Therefore, doctors prescribe medicines to prevent dehydration. As the virus runs its course, drink plenty of water, much more than the standard eight glasses of water a day. Suppose your kid is experiencing severe symptoms of diarrhea. In that case, request your child specialist to provide oral rehydration fluids like the Enfalyte, Pedialyte, etc. — especially when diarrhea symptoms are not going away.
In kids, the rehydration fluids help in replenishing the lost minerals in the body, more effectively than water and other fluid types. And, if the health of your child is not improving with the rehydration fluid, intravenous fluids may be given in the hospital.
One thing to note here is that the doctors do not prescribe anti-diarrhea medicines.
Lifestyles Changes & Home Remedies to Treat Rotavirus
If your baby has symptoms of diarrhea, feed fluids. If you’re breast-feeding, keep on nursing.
If your baby is drinking formula, give them oral rehydration, but speak to your doctor to recommend the right quantity. Also, don’t dilute their formula. If your older kid isn’t feeling good, encourage them to take adequate rest. Give them healthy foods to eat, especially those which contain zero sugar. Some healthy foods include yogurt, crackers, lean meat, green veggies, and grain bread.
Intake of plenty of fluids, including oral rehydration. Strictly avoid soda, apple juice, or dairy products apart from yogurt, as they make diarrhea worse. Hospitalization is only needed for rotavirus infection if dehydration symptoms are becoming worse with each passing day. This is especially among young children. Your doctor may inject the IV fluids to prevent any life-threatening complications.
Is There Any Rotavirus Vaccine?
The first vaccine of the rotavirus vaccine was launched in 2006. Since the vaccine, hospitalization & deaths have dropped significantly. The rotavirus vaccines are in two forms:
- Rotarix: infants (6 to 24 weeks old)
- RotaTeq: infants (6 to 32 weeks old)
Both these vaccines are given orally; this means they are administered via the mouth and not through injection. However, there are vaccines for adults & older kids. This is why the rotavirus vaccine dose is given at a young age.
You can speak to your kid’s pediatrician regarding the risk factors and vaccine benefits.
Babies having severe combined immunodeficiency should not be vaccinated. Some of the rare side effects of the rotavirus vaccine are as follows:-
One of the biggest complications of rotavirus is diarrhea—also one of the most common causes of death in small kids. Therefore, prevention is better than cure. For that, the vaccine is the best way. You should call your pediatrician to know more.