Dent in Head – Introduction, Causes, Symptoms, Types

Dent in head: Trauma, cancer, bone diseases, and other conditions can lead to the dents in your head. If you notice a change in your skull shape, you should take an appointment with your doctor. Symptoms, like headaches, loss of memory, and difficulty in vision need to be considered as they might be the ones that are related to a dent in your skull.

Our face bones change shape as we age. As the age increases, there is a loss of volume in the facial bones which leads to the appearance of aging. The signs of aging can’t just be obscured by getting rid of facial. If the soft spot on a baby’s skull becomes more deep-set than usual, then there are chances of occurrence of sunken fontanel. The skull is usually made flexible for the growth of the brain by these fontanels. Usually, at the time of birth, a child has many fontanels on the skull. However, those on the back and top of the skull are the most popularly known ones. Get More Info About This Type of Causes.

Dent in Head - Introduction, Causes, Symptoms, Types

A brain tumor is a collection, or mass, of abnormal cells in your brain. The brain is enclosed within the skull, which happens to be very rigid. Due to this any sort of growth taking place in such a congested place might lead to many problems. The pressure inside the skull might increase if benign or malignant tumors tend to grow in the brain.

Skull base tumor symptoms may include:

  • Facial pain or numbness
  • Facial weakness or paralysis
  • Headache
  • Recurrent sinus problems
  • Stopped-up nose
  • Loss of sense of smell
  • Nosebleeds
  • Vision loss

Table of Contents

Dent in Head Causes

A dent within the head may have a spread of causes. A genetic or medical condition related injury might cause these dents.

Skull fracture

A dent within the head could also be thanks to a skull fracture. Skull fractures occur as a result of a blow or impact to the top. Injury to the skull can occur after any direct force, like a car accident, fall, or physical assault. An injury to the brain, referred to as a traumatic brain injury (TBI), can sometimes accompany a skull fracture, but that’s not always the case. In the US, there are about 1.7 million cases of TBI annually. There are four major sorts of skull fracture, including:

  • Open fracture
  • Closed fracture
  • Depressed fracture
  • Basal fracture

Of the four types, a fracture is that the presumably to seem sort of a dent within the head. The dent occurs thanks to the displacement of the bone toward the brain. Below are the given symptoms of a skull fracture other than the displaced bone:

  • Headaches
  • Impaired vision
  • Balance problems
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion

Brain surgery

Certain sorts of operation may leave a little dent within the skull. For example, a Craniectomy involves removing a bit of the skull bone. This removal could be necessary to scale back pressure on the brain from conditions that cause swelling. After the reduction in the swelling, it usually resolves the dent and then the surgeons often restore the removed skull portion. Additional side effects following operation vary counting on the rationale for the operation.

Congenital skull depression

A congenital skull depression may be a dent within the head that’s present from birth. In Western countries, the condition is rare, with experts estimating that it occurs in 1 in 10,000 newborn babies. A congenital skull depression is typically thanks to trauma to the top during delivery. For instance, the utilization of forceps or a suction device to assist deliver the baby may end in trauma. The main sign of a congenital skull dent is that the depression within the bone. However, the trauma can also cause a brain injury in some babies. When a brain injury occurs, symptoms may include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Feeding difficulties
  • Seizures


Although uncommon, differing types of a bone tumor may cause bone deformity and a dent within the head. According to research within the journal Surgical Neurology International, tumors within the skull represent about 1–4% of all bone tumors. Even benign tumors, like fibrous dysplasia and ossifying Fibroma, may cause an indentation of the skull. Symptoms of a skull tumor may include:

  • Bone pain
  • Swelling
  • Bone deformity
  • A painless mass

Gorham’s disease

Gorham’s disease may be a condition that involves bone loss and abnormal vessel development. The loss of bone can cause an indentation within the skull. According to the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center, Gorham’s disease is extremely rare. Although it can occur at any age, it’s common in young adults and youngsters. Gorham’s disease can affect any of the bones within the body while the condition itself involves the skull, ribs, or pelvis.

Gorham’s disease causes symptoms within the affected area, including:

  • Bone pain
  • Swelling
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Generalized weakness

Vitamin A toxicity

Vitamin A is an important nutrient that’s necessary for a healthy system. It’s also vital for organs, like the lungs and heart, to function normally. An excessive amount of vitamin A can have adverse effects. Vitamin A toxicity occurs when there’s an excessive amount of vitamin A within the body. It’s rarely thanks to an individual eating too many foods high in vitamin A. Instead, it typically occurs as a result of taking an excessively high dosage of vitamin A supplements. Vitamin A toxicity can cause softening of the bones, including the skull, which may cause an indentation. Additional symptoms of vitamin A toxicity include:

  • Dizziness
  • A headache
  • Nausea

Lupus dent in the head

It might be very common that the shape of various people’s skulls varies. However, a serious health condition can be indicated if any new dent or irregularity in your skull is observed. Dents in your skull can be caused by trauma, cancer, bone diseases, and other conditions like Paget’s disease of bone.

Dent in back of the head

A problem that occurs in the back of the skull leads to the Chiari malformation. An indented space needs to be there in the back of the head. The space for the brain inside the skull is very much small. Due to this, the brain and brain stem get pushed downward. A series of nervous system-related symptoms are known to be the characteristics of the Chiari malformation or Arnold-Chiari syndrome. While this condition is mostly seen at birth, it can even occur at different stages of life. In some cases where people have mild forms of this syndrome, the people might never know that they have this condition. But in some cases, it could be more severe and might require treatment.

What is Chiari Malformation?

Chiari malformation is caused by a problem in the back of the skull. The skull should have an indented space in the back of the head. This space consists of the rear lower part of the brain and the brainstem. This indented skull space does not develop well in certain cases. This is called Chiari malformation. The space inside the skull is too small for the brain. As a result, the brain and brain stem are pushed downward. It blocks the flow of fluid from the brain to the spinal column. The problem with the skull develops before birth. It is not clear why it happens. In some cases, it is accompanied by a Myelomeningocele, which is a form of Spina Bifida.

Symptoms in adolescents are usually milder and may include:

  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Headaches
  • Deafness or ringing in the ears
  • Eye problems such as difficulty seeing, eye pain and rapid eye movement
  • Poor coordination
  • Uncontrolled shaking or trembling
  • Difficulty walking
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs

Apart from these symptoms, your doctor might ask you get the below-given image tests done to the brain and skull:

  • MRI
  • CT scan

Special studies might be done by your doctor while evaluating the flow of fluid around your brain as well as the spinal cord.

Treating Chiari Malformation

Depending on your symptoms, you may need:

  • Braces, a wheelchair, physical or occupational therapy to improve muscular coordination and trembling
  • Speech therapy for speech or swallowing problems
  • Medication to help manage headaches and pain

The malformation may also block the flow of fluid in the brain and spine. The flow of fluid can be corrected by the installation of a shunt or stent by surgery. This also will help to release compression of the brain.

Dent in the head after Craniotomy

The process of removal of part of the bone from the skull to expose the brain by surgery is known as the craniotomy. The section of bone known as the bone flap is removed by the use of specialized tools. This bone flap which is temporarily removed is then replaced once the brain surgery has been completed. It may be performed to treat brain tumors, hematomas (blood clots), aneurysms or AVMs, traumatic head injury, foreign objects (bullets), swelling of the brain, or infection.

Due to the fluid, your scalp might commonly swell. As the swelling reduces later, the dent might be seen in your head. The skull flap is held to your head by the attachment of some sort of plates. If your head was shaved, you may want to wear hats or scarves on your head until your hair grows back. You may also have headaches or problems concentrating. In 4 to 8 weeks one might recover from the surgery. Even after 5 days of surgery, your cuts known as incisions might be sore. Numbness or shooting pains at your wound, or swelling as well as bruising around your eyes might also be observed by you.

Usually, only a small area of your head will be shaved. You are unlikely to have your whole head shaved. At the site where your head has been shaved the hair will re-grow after the operation. Once the wound on your head has healed, and your stitches or clips are removed, you’ll wash your hair and use hair products as was common. Craniotomy, a procedure typically performed under general anesthesia, involves the surgical removal of a part of the skull. “During this procedure, we remove a part of the bone from the skull that’s mentioned as the ‘bone flap’.

Symptoms of Dent in the head after Craniotomy

  • Fever or chills
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Drainage
  • Bleeding
  • Another drainage from the incision site or face
  • Increased pain around the incision site
  • Vision changes
  • Confusion or excessive sleepiness
  • A weakness of your arms or legs
  • Trouble with speech
  • Trouble breathing, pain, anxiety, or change in mental status

While there’s not a cure for fatigue, it is often helpful to recollect that for several people fatigue usually improves after treatment has ended (usually within six months to at least one year). However, within that point, it is often debilitating and a few people do still experience it for extended.


Treatment for a dent within the head depends on the cause. In some cases, the condition doesn’t require treatment. For instance, if vitamin A toxicity causes a dent within the head, the person will just need to stop taking an excessive number of vitamin A supplements. Similarly, a congenital skull depression thanks to a forceps injury during childbirth might not require treatment. Consistent with research within the journal BMJ Case Reports, most congenital skull depressions from a birth injury spontaneously resolve in about 4 months.

In other cases, a dent within the head requires treatment. For example, an individual with a depressed skull fracture will need surgery. Surgery involves removing bone fragments round the brain to decrease the danger of brain damage. The individual also will receive medication, like antibiotics and pain relievers. Some people would require treatment to focus on the underlying condition liable for a dent within the head. For instance, treatment for Gorham’s disease may include radiotherapy and vitamin D supplements. In some circumstances, a doctor may additionally recommend bone grafting surgery.

Dent in head and Headaches

Seymour Diamond, MD, who happens to be the director of the Diamond Headache Clinic in Chicago says, “Most often cold helps tension and sometimes migraine headache.” Cold applied with an ice pack or specific sorts of apparatus that go round the head may do the trick for a few patients. “Pressure within the area may help too,” according to him. It is easier to treat compression headaches. Once you relieve the source of pressure by beginning the hat, headband, helmet, or goggles, the pain should getaway. To avoid these headaches in the future, you need to avoid wearing tight hats or headgear unless absolutely necessary.

Poor posture

If you tend to slouch once you sit or stand, which will strain the muscles within the back of your head, upper back, neck, and jaw. It can also put pressure on the nerves in those areas. As a result, poor posture can cause tension headaches and pain within the back of your head. Pressure point LI-4, also called Hegu, is found between the bottom of your thumb and index. Doing acupressure might be helpful to alleviate pain and headaches. Using your right thumb and index, find the space on your left between the bottom of your left thumb and index.

If you’re susceptible to getting headaches, you’ll find that grey skies, high humidity, rising temperatures, and storms can all cause head pain. Pressure changes that cause weather changes are thought to trigger chemical and electrical changes within the brain. This irritates nerves, resulting in a headache.

Try the following pointers and obtain them to feeling better fast.

  • Try a chilly Pack. If you’ve got a migraine, place a chilly gain your forehead.
  • Use a hot pad or Hot Compress.
  • Ease Pressure on Your Scalp or Head.
  • Dim the Lights.
  • Try to not chew.
  • Get Some Caffeine.
  • Practice Relaxation.
  • Take Some Ginger.

The following can also ease a tension headache:

  • Apply a hot pad or ice pack to your head for five to 10 minutes several times each day.
  • Relax tense muscles by taking a hot bath or shower.
  • Improve your posture.
  • Take frequent computer breaks to stop eye strain.

Chalk it up to natural feel-good chemicals. According to Diamond, having an exercise habit might your body to produce endorphins that will naturally help your body in treating pain. As for a way much exercise to try to stop tension headaches, aim for a minimum of 20 minutes, 3 times every week. It’s fine to try to do more. A headache is often a symbol of stress or emotional distress, or it may result from a medical disorder, like migraine or high vital sign, anxiety, or depression. It can cause other problems. One might find it hard to attend work or school regularly if they have chronic migraine headaches.


Headache may be a common complaint worldwide. A headache can occur in any part of the top, on each side of the top, or in only one location. There are alternative ways to define headaches. The headaches can be categorized by the International Headache Society (IHS) into primary if they aren’t due to any other condition, or secondary if there are any other underlying causes.

Primary headaches

As the structures in the head which are pain-sensitive, get problematic or overactive, these might cause the stand-alone illnesses which are a primary headache. This includes the blood vessels, muscles, and nerves of the top and neck. They’ll also result from changes in chemical activity within the brain. Migraines, cluster headaches, and tension headaches are common types of primary headaches.

Secondary headaches

Secondary headaches are symptoms that happen when another condition stimulates the pain-sensitive nerves of the top. In other words, the headache symptoms are often attributed to a different cause. A good range of various factors can cause secondary headaches. These include:

  • Alcohol-induced hangover
  • Brain tumor
  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding in or around the brain
  • “Brain freeze,” or ice-cream headaches
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Concussion
  • Dehydration
  • Glaucoma
  • Teeth-grinding in the dark
  • Influenza
  • Overuse of pain medication referred to as rebound headaches
  • Panic attacks
  • Stroke

As headaches are often a symbol of a significant condition, it’s important to hunt medical advice, if they become more severe, regular, or persistent. You need to consult a doctor if your headache gets more painful or disruptive than the earlier headaches or worsens or fails in enhancing due to the medication or is with other symptoms including confusion, fever, sensory changes, as well as stiffness in the neck.


There are different types of headaches. Some among them, include,

Tension headaches

Eating something very cold can cause a “brain freeze.” Tension headaches are the foremost common sort of primary headache. Such headaches normally begin slowly and gradually within the middle of the day. The person can feel:

  • As if they need a decent band around the head
  • A constant, dull ache on each side
  • Pain spread to or from the neck

Tension-type headaches are often either episodic or chronic. Episodic attacks are usually a couple of hours in duration, but it can last for several days. Chronic headaches occur for 15 or more days a month for a period of a minimum of 3 months.


A migraine headache may cause a pulsating, throbbing pain usually only on one side of the top. The aching could also be accompanied by:

  • Blurred vision
  • Light-headedness
  • Nausea
  • Sensory disturbances referred to as Auras

Migraine is that the second commonest sort of primary headache and may have a big impact on the lifetime of a private. Consistent with the WHO, migraine is that the sixth-highest explanation for days lost thanks to disability worldwide. A migraine can last from a couple of hours to between 2 and three days.

Rebound headaches

Excessive use of medication taken to treat headache symptoms lead to rebounding or medication-overuse related headaches. They’re the foremost common explanation for secondary headaches. They typically begin early within the day and persist throughout the day. They’ll improve with pain medication, but worsen when its effects wear off. Rebound headaches while causing headaches also cause:

  • Neck pain
  • Restlessness
  • A feeling of nasal congestion
  • Reduced sleep quality

Rebound headaches can cause a variety of symptoms, and therefore the pain is often different every day.

Cluster headaches

Cluster headaches usually last between quarter-hour and three hours, and that they occur suddenly once per day up to eight times per day for a period of weeks to months. In between clusters, there could also be no headache symptoms, and this headache-free period can last months or years.

The pain caused by cluster headaches is:

  • One-sided
  • Severe
  • Often described as sharp or burning
  • Typically located in or around one eye

The affected area may become red and swollen, the eyelid may drop, and therefore the nasal passage on the affected side may become stuffy and runny.

Thunderclap headaches

Severe headaches which are often caused as the “worst headache of my life,” are the Thunderclap headaches. While they can reach maximum intensity in just one minute, they can last longer than 5 minutes. Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Cerebral Phlebothrombosis, ruptured or un-ruptured Aneurysms, Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome (RVS), Meningitis, and Pituitary Apoplexy are the life-threatening conditions, secondary to which is thunderclap headache generally occurring.


Rest and pain relief medication are the main and most common ways used in the treatment of headaches. Usually, pain relief medication is available in the market as over the counter (OTC) drug, however, your doctors might prescribe preventative medication that includes Tricyclic antidepressants, Serotonin receptor agonists, Anti-epileptic drugs, as well as Beta-blockers in it. It is important to follow the doctor’s advice because overusing pain relief medication can cause rebound headaches. Reducing or stopping pain relief medication would be enough in the therapy for rebound headaches. In extreme cases, a brief hospital stay could also be needed to manage withdrawal safely and effectively.

Alternative treatments

Acupuncture is an alternative therapy that will help relieve headaches. While many other alternative types of therapy are available in the treatment for headaches, there is a need to consult a physician before making any major changes or starting any alternative sorts of treatment.

Alternative approaches include:

  • Acupuncture
  • Cognitive behavior modification
  • Herbal and nutritional health products
  • Hypnosis
  • Meditation

Research has not provided evidence to verify that each one of these methods works. Sometimes, a headache may result from a deficiency of a specific nutrient or nutrients, especially magnesium and certain B vitamins. Nutrient deficiencies are often thanks to a poor quality diet, underlying malabsorption issues, or other medical conditions.

Home remedies

A number of steps are often taken to scale back the danger of headaches and to ease the pain if they are doing occur:

  • Apply a heat pack or ice pack to your head or neck, but avoid extreme temperatures.
  • Avoid stressors, where possible, and develop healthy coping strategies for unavoidable stress.
  • Eat regular meals, taking care to take care of stable blood glucose.
  • A hot shower can help, although in one rare condition predicament exposure can trigger headaches. Overall health and stress reduction are possible only by regular exercise and enough rest along with sleeping regularly.


Headaches can radiate across the top from a central point or have a vise-like quality. They will be sharp, throbbing or dull, appear gradually or suddenly. They will last from but an hour up to many days. The symptoms of a headache depend to some extent on what sort of headache it’s. The types are as follows, as given above,

Tension headache: There could also be general, mild to moderate pain which will desire a band around the head. They have a tendency to affect each side of the top.

Migraine headache: there’s often severe throbbing pain in one a part of the top, often the front or the side. There could also be nausea and vomiting, and therefore the person may feel especially sensitive to light or noise.

Cluster headaches: Most commonly, intense pain around the eye can be caused by these. They typically happen around a specific time of year, possibly over a period of 1 to 2 months.


A doctor will usually be ready to diagnose a specific sort of headache through an outline of the condition, the sort of pain, and therefore the timing and pattern of attacks. If the character of the headache appears to be complex, tests could also be administered to eliminate more serious causes. Further testing could include:

  • Blood tests
  • X-rays
  • Brain scans, like CT and MRI

The WHO points out that, headaches are often not taken seriously because they’re sporadic, most headaches don’t cause death, and that they aren’t contagious. They involve more resources to be allocated for the treatment of headache disorders, due to the large health burden they represent.

Lifestyle changes

Regular exercise may help prevent headaches. Factors like sleep deprivation, caffeine or alcohol consumption, and dehydration can cause frequent headaches. Smoking tobacco also can cause headaches. A doctor might suggest making the subsequent lifestyle changes to assist an individual manage their symptoms and stop headaches within the future:

  • Getting enough sleep
  • Limiting caffeine intake
  • Drinking much water
  • Quitting smoking, or not starting
  • Exercising regularly
  • Lowering stress

Dent in the Head from the Ponytail

Ponytails are often pulled tight especially for those that are getting to be engaging in some sort of physical activity like playing a sport or getting to the gym. Pulling the ponytail tight strains the tissue within the scalp which causes the headache. Also, such a decent ponytail increases the danger of tension alopecia which may be a hair loss condition. However, tension alopecia is typically thanks to young children wearing such tight ponytails or an excessive amount of tight ponytails spanning over months and years.

Ponytail headaches also are hooked into the quantity of hair someone has. If an individual has very long, thick hair the strain of the ponytail pulling on the scalp can sometimes even cause back and neck pain. It’s also always an honest idea to get rid of the hair from a ponytail before getting to bed. Getting to bed with the ponytail can cause strain and stress on the scalp. On top of the headaches and other aches people get from ponytails, they’re also an excellent way to damage one’s hair.

Damage done by ponytails is typically done to the standard of the ponytail itself. Rubber bands are the fastest and easiest method to make great amounts of hair breakage. The simplest thanks to avoiding this breakage would be by investing in some good quality, elastic ponytails. Wearing a ponytail also creates pressure during a specific spot on your hair shaft which will weaken it over time and stop growth. Therefore, switch it up! Wear all types of various styles and loosen the ponytails to scale back tension on your head.

Dent in the head from headphones

It is a must to know that the headphones are usually causing indentations in your skin and flesh while they don’t cause them in your skull, and intrinsically, this might not cause your skull to crack and bleed you to death. External compression headache is caused by any sort of headwear. This includes headwear that places pressure on the top including tight hats, helmets, headbands, headphones, and goggles. It’s not known why some people are more sensitive than others to the present sort of pressure.

No, wearing headphones, regardless of how often you are doing it, won’t cause hair loss. This concept is tied into an equivalent popularly held falsehood that states that constantly wearing a hat can cause hair loss (and even premature baldness). This is, of course, completely untrue. Listener fatigue (also referred to as listening fatigue or ear fatigue) may be a phenomenon that happens after prolonged exposure to an auditory stimulus.

Symptoms include tiredness, discomfort, pain, and loss of sensitivity. Listener fatigue isn’t a clinically recognized state but maybe a term employed by many professionals. Behind-the-neck headphones, also called neckband or around-the-neck headphones, are a well-liked sort of headphone featuring a support band that wraps around the back of the neck sort of a collar. Stylish, smart and practical, they’re ideal during a range of situations, from hectic offices to relaxing reception.

Loud music played on earphones causes deafness by having an identical effect on nerves as MS, research finds Insulation from nerve fibers carrying signals from the ear to the brain get stripped by the noise levels above 110 decibels according to a research study. However, it has no pieces of evidence to conclude that Air Pods or other Bluetooth headsets might be dangerous. Also to show that radio-frequency (RF) radiation can cause brain cancer or noncancerous brain tumors in people, there are no such pieces of evidence. It might be true however; the letter in question didn’t specifically mention Bluetooth devices or headphones in it.

Even though there are not any nerves in your hair that might sense pain, there are extremely sensitive nerves underneath your hair follicles and in your scalp. When a ponytail triggers a sensation of tightness in too many of these nerves directly, a headache may result.

How do I stop my headphones from denting my hair?

Four best ways are,

  • Wear a hat or loosen the band to the headphones.
  • Wear the headphones with the remainder around your neck, i.e. wear them the incorrect way.
  • Thread your hair on top of the top rest portion.
  • Wetting your hair with a sprig bottle of water that you simply carry with you or getting to a sink to wet it can remove the dent.

Dent in the head after dehydration

When dehydration strikes, a part of the brain can swell, neural signaling can intensify, and doing monotonous tasks can get harder. Water loss made the dent about twice as deep while the exertion and warmth might cause a dent in the performances of test subjects without dehydration according to the researches that have been conducted. There are many various sorts of headaches and 9 out of 10 adults will experience one at some point in their life. Some of the various quite headaches, like dehydration headaches, are often easily treated and avoided. This text explores what a dehydration headache is, what signs indicate an individual may have one, and the way they could treat or prevent it.

What is a dehydration headache?

A dehydration headache may be a secondary headache, caused by not having enough fluid within the body. Dehydration headaches are often relatively mild or severe as a migraine. After sweating as the body loses essential fluids required to function properly, the dehydration headache might be caused. The body requires the right balance of fluid and electrolytes to function properly. Every day, the body loses water through daily activities, like sweating and urinating. Most of the time, the quantity of fluid lost is definitely balanced through drinking or eating fluid-rich foods. However, sometimes the body loses water faster than it is often replenished.

During these times, the body can become dehydrated, which may cause complications including unpleasant dehydration headaches. When the body is dehydrated, the brain can temporarily contract or fiddle fluid loss. This mechanism causes the brain to tug far away from the skull, causing pain and leading to a dehydration headache. The brain plumps up while returning to its normal state after getting rehydrated, which relieves the headache.

Symptoms of a dehydration headache

A dehydration headache can desire a dull headache or an intense migraine. Pain from a dehydration headache can occur at the front, back, side, or everywhere the top. Unlike a headache, an individual experiencing a dehydration headache will likely not experience facial pain or pressure. Pain is additionally unlikely to occur within the back of the neck because it might with a headache. As the dehydration headaches are caused only when the body is dehydrated, symptoms of dehydration will also occur with the headache, including the following:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Reduced urination
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Dry, sticky mouth
  • Loss of skin elasticity
  • Low vital sign
  • Increased pulse

Some people may only experience a dehydration headache if they’re severely dehydrated. These people might not only have a headache and a few of the above symptoms but also experience some further symptoms. Further symptoms of severe dehydration that folks with a dehydration headache may experience, include:

  • Lack of sweating
  • Sunken eyes
  • Fever
  • Delirium
  • Unconsciousness
  • Shriveled skin

Causes of a dehydration headache

Diarrhea, fever, and extreme sweating can all be causes of a dehydration headache. Dehydration headaches only occur when an individual is dehydrated. Even mild dehydration can cause a dehydration headache. Dehydration happens when the body doesn’t get enough water to satisfy its needs. Most of the time, the quantity of liquid going into the body, matches the quantity of liquid exiting the body. Water exits the body through sweat or urination. However, certain factors can disrupt this. These factors increase the danger of dehydration and include the following:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Extreme sweating, either from heavy exercise or heat
  • Fever
  • Excess urination

Risk factors for dehydration

If anyone is often dehydrated, the probabilities are that everybody will experience times of a minimum of mild dehydration. In some people, there are higher chances of getting dehydrated. People at higher risk of dehydration include,

  • People who sleep in higher altitudes
  • Infants and young children
  • Elderly people
  • People with chronic illnesses, like diabetes and renal disorder
  • People who take medications that increase urine output
  • Endurance athletes
  • People who sleep in hot climates

These groups of individuals should take special care to remain properly hydrated.

Treating a dehydration headache

To treat a dehydration headache, addressing both the pain and therefore the dehydration is the best approach to urge relief. If an individual features a dehydration headache they ought to do the following:

  • Increase fluid intake
  • Replace lost electrolytes with a sports drink
  • Temporarily decrease physical activity and avoid heat to scale back sweating

While the above measures may treat the dehydration, it can take a short time for a dehydration headache to be totally relieved. For fast relief, an individual might want to require acetaminophen or ibuprofen for the pain.

Treating severe dehydration

In certain situations, like a severe episode of vomiting or diarrhea, home remedies might not be enough to avoid severe dehydration. When severe dehydration occurs, an individual should seek medical aid immediately to stop serious complications, such as:

  • Kidney damage
  • Seizures
  • Shock

Emergency medical professionals can manage severe dehydration with intravenous fluid and salt replacement.

Preventing a dehydration headache

The best way to prevent a dehydration headache is to avoid dehydration. Drinking enough fluids opened up through the day is suggested to avoid dehydration. The subsequent steps are often taken to stop dehydration:

  • Drink enough fluid: Most people need between 4 and 6 cups of water per day, though some individuals may have more or less.
  • Eat fluid-rich foods: Foods, like cucumbers, other vegetables, and fruits have high water content.
  • Get enough fluid throughout the day: Spreading out the quantity of fluid consumed instead of drinking it all directly helps keep the body hydrated.
  • Hydrate more during exercise or exposure to hot weather: During times of heavy sweating, like during heavy exercise or exposure to weather, water needs increase. Drinking more water during these times will replenish the additional fluids that are lost through sweat.
  • Treat underlying causes of dehydration: Fevers and infections can cause the body to lose more fluid than normal. Dehydration can be prevented by addressing the causes of dehydration and also increasing the fluid.
  • Avoid caffeinated beverages and alcohol: Caffeine and alcohol can both increase urine output, resulting in a better risk of dehydration.
  • Reduce strenuous activity during heat or if feeling unwell: Heat and illness can both increase the body’s need for fluids. Heavy exercise can cause extra fluid loss through sweat which will be dangerous in these situations.

Dent in forehead after head injury

Head injuries are one of the foremost common causes of disability and death in adults. The injury is often as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the top, or are often moderate to severe in nature thanks to a concussion, wounds that are open, cuts that are deep, skull bone(s) that are fractured, or due to the internal bleeding as well as damage to the brain. A head injury may be a broad term that describes a huge array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and blood vessels within the head.

Head injuries also are commonly mentioned as brain injury, or traumatic brain injury (TBI), counting on the extent of the top trauma. Head injuries are rising dramatically–about 1.7 million people have a TBI annually. many Americans are alive today who have had a head injury and now need help with the activities of daily living, costing the country quite $56 billion per annum.

What are the various sorts of head injuries?

The following are a number of the various sorts of head injuries:


A concussion is an injury to the top area which will cause instant loss of awareness or alertness for a couple of minutes up to a couple of hours after the traumatic event.

Skull fracture

A skull fracture may be a break within the skull bone. There are four major sorts of skull fractures, including the following:

  • Linear skull fractures: This is often the foremost common sort of skull fracture. During a linear fracture, there’s an opportunity within the bone, but it doesn’t move the bone. These patients could also be observed within the hospital for a quick amount of your time, and may usually resume normal activities during a few days. Usually, no interventions are necessary.
  • Depressed skull fractures: This sort of fracture could also be seen with or without a cut within the scalp. During this fracture, a part of the skull is really sunken in from the trauma. This sort of skull fracture may require surgical intervention, counting on the severity, to assist correct the deformity.
  • Diastatic skull fractures: These are fractures that occur along the suture lines within the skull. The sutures are the areas between the bones within the head that fuse once we are children. During this sort of fracture, the traditional suture lines are widened. Mostly in the newborns and older infants; there are greater chances for these fractures.
  • Basilar skull fracture: This is often the foremost serious sort of skull fracture, and involves an opportunity within the bone at the bottom of the skull. Patients with this sort of fracture frequently have bruises around their eyes and a bruise behind their ear. They’ll even have clear fluid draining from their nose or ears thanks to tearing parts of the covering of the brain. These patients usually require close observation within the hospital.

Intracranial hematoma (ICH)

There are several sorts of ICH, or blood clots, in or around the brain. The various types are classified by their location within the brain. These can be anywhere among the mild head injuries to quite serious as well as potentially life-threatening injuries. The various sorts of ICH include the following:

  • Epidural hematoma: Epidural hematomas occur when a grume forms underneath the skull, but on top of the dura, the tough covering that surrounds the brain. They typically come from a tear in an artery that runs slightly below the skull called the center arteria meningea. Epidural hematomas are usually related to a skull fracture.
  • Subdural hematoma: Subdural hematomas occur when a grume forms underneath the skull and underneath the dura, but outside of the brain. These can form from a tear within the veins that go from the brain to the dura, or from a cut on the brain itself. They’re sometimes, but not always, related to a skull fracture.
  • Contusion or Intracerebral hematoma: A contusion may be a bruise to the brain itself. A contusion causes bleeding and swelling inside the brain around the area where the top was struck. Contusions may occur with skull fractures or other blood clots like a subdural or epidural hematoma. Bleeding that happens inside the brain itself (also called Intraparenchymal hemorrhage) can sometimes occur spontaneously. When trauma isn’t the cause, the foremost common causes are long-standing, high vital sign in older adults, bleeding disorders in either children or adults, or the utilization of medicines that cause blood thinning or certain illicit drugs.

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI)

These injuries are fairly common and are usually caused by shaking of the brain back and forth, which may happen in car accidents, from falls or shaken baby syndrome. Diffuse injuries are often mild, like with a concussion, or could also be very severe, as in diffuse axonal injury (DAI). In DAI, the patient is typical during a coma for a protracted period of your time, with injury to several different parts of the brain.

What causes a head injury?

In children and adults, the causes of head injury are numerous. Automobile accidents which include, automobiles, motorcycles, or struck as a pedestrian, from violence, from falls, or as a result of maltreatment are the most common causes of these traumatic injuries. Subdural hematomas and brain hemorrhages (called Intraparenchymal hemorrhages) can sometimes happen spontaneously.

What causes bruising and internal damage to the brain?

When there’s an immediate blow to the top, shaking off the kid (as seen in many cases of kid abuse), or a whiplash-type injury (as seen in automobile accidents), the bruising of the brain and therefore the damage to the interior tissue and blood vessels is thanks to a mechanism called coup-contrecoup. A bruise directly associated with trauma, at the location of impact, is named a coup (pronounced COO) lesion. Because the brain jolts backward, it can hit the skull on the other side and cause a bruise called a countercoup lesion. The jarring of the brain against the edges of the skull can cause shearing (tearing) of the interior lining, tissues, and blood vessels which will cause internal bleeding, bruising, or swelling of the brain.

What are the symptoms of a head injury?

The person may have varying degrees of symptoms related to the severity of the top injury. The subsequent are the foremost common symptoms of a head injury. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

Mild head injury:

  • The raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise
  • Small, superficial (shallow) cut within the scalp
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to noise and lightweight
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Lightheadedness and/or dizziness
  • Problems with balance
  • Nausea
  • Problems with memory and/or concentration
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Blurred vision
  • “Tired” eyes
  • Ringing within the ears (tinnitus)
  • Alteration in taste
  • Fatigue or lethargy

The head injury which is moderate to severe requires immediate medical assistance. Symptoms may include any of the above pluses:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Severe headache that doesn’t getaway
  • Repeated nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of STM, like difficulty remembering the events that led right up to and thru the traumatic event
  • Slurred speech
  • Difficulty with walking
  • Weakness in one side or area of the body
  • Sweating
  • Pale complexion
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Behavior changes including irritability
  • Blood or clear fluid draining from the ears or nose
  • One pupil (dark area within the center of the eye) is dilated, or looks larger, than the opposite eye and doesn’t constrict, or get smaller when exposed to light
  • Deep cut or laceration within the scalp
  • Open wound within the head
  • Foreign object penetrating the top
  • Coma (a state of unconsciousness from which an individual can’t be awakened; responds only minimally, if at all, to stimuli; and exhibits no voluntary activities)
  • Vegetative state (a condition of brain damage during which an individual has lost his thinking abilities and awareness of his surroundings, but retains some basic functions like breathing and blood circulation)
  • Locked-in syndrome (a neurological condition during which an individual is conscious and may think and reason, but cannot speak or move)

Other problems or medical conditions known as co-morbid conditions can be included in the head injury-related symptoms. Diagnosis can only be made after consulting your physician.

How are head injuries diagnosed?

Immediately after the injury, there might not be complete information regarding the matter or condition. However, it can be revealed with a comprehensive medical evaluation as well as diagnostic testing. The diagnosis of a head injury is formed with a physical examination and diagnostic tests. During the examination, the doctor obtains an entire medical record of the patient and family and asks how the injury occurred. Trauma to the top can cause neurological problems and should require further medical follow up. Diagnostic tests may include:

  • Blood tests
  • X-ray: A diagnostic assay that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to supply images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
  • Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan): A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a mixture of X-rays and technology to supply horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG): A procedure that records the brain’s continuous, electrical activity by means of electrodes attached to the scalp.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): A diagnostic technique that uses a mixture of huge magnets, radiofrequency, and a computer to supply detailed images of organs and structures within the body.

Treatment of a head injury

Specific treatment of a head injury is going to be determined by your doctor based on:

  • Your age, overall health, and medical record
  • The extent of the top injury
  • Type of head injury
  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • Expectations for the course of the top injury
  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment depends on the severity of the injury, and that might include:

  • Ice
  • Rest
  • Topical antibiotic ointment and bandage
  • Observation
  • Immediate medical attention
  • Stitches
  • Hospitalization for observation
  • Moderate sedation or assistance with breathing that might require being placed on a breathing device, or mechanical ventilator or respirator
  • Surgery

Treatment is individualized, counting on the extent of the condition and therefore the presence of other injuries. If the patient features a severe head injury, he or she may require monitoring for increased intracranial pressure (pressure inside the skull). Head injury may cause the brain to swell. Since the brain is roofed by the skull, there’s only a little amount of room for it to swell. This causes pressure inside the skull to extend, which may cause brain damage.

Is dent in head normal?

While it’s normal for the form of people’s skulls to vary, a replacement dent or irregularity in your skull can occasionally indicate a significant health condition. Note of the other symptoms, like headaches, amnesia, and vision difficulties that would be connected to a dent in your skull.

Dent in the head after brain surgery

A physician who focuses on the diagnosis and surgery of disorders related to the central and peripheral nervous system along with the congenital anomalies, trauma, tumors, vascular disorders, infections of the brain or spine, stroke, as well as degenerative diseases of the spine is known as a Neurosurgeon. Certain sorts of operation may leave a little dent within the skull. This removal could be necessary to scale back pressure on the brain from conditions that cause swelling. Surgeons often restore the removed portion of the skull once the swelling has gone down, which usually resolves the dent.

A craniotomy is the surgical removal of a part of the bone from the skull to show the brain for surgery. If a part of the skull bone is removed and not replaced directly, it’s called a craniectomy. This is often done if swelling is probably going after an operation or if the skull bone flap cannot be replaced for other reasons. A craniotomy is a surgery to open your skull to repair a drag in your brain. It can take 4 to eight weeks to get over the surgery. Your cuts (incisions) could also be sore for about 5 days after surgery. You’ll even have numbness and shooting pains near your wound, or swelling and bruising around your eyes.

If the skull fractures are simple linear fractures, then they might get healed by themselves. This process of healing might take mostly months. However, the pain if any might usually disappear in around 5 to 10 days duration. If you’ve got a severe or fracture, surgery could also be needed to assist prevent brain damage. Working after surgery depends on the extent of the surgery, the patient’s recovery and therefore the sort of activity involved within the job. Generally returning to figure in 6 to eight weeks is cheap. Certainly, the last word decision is going to be decided upon individually between the health care practitioner and therefore the patient.

Brain tumors and resection surgery cause physical changes to brain tissue and may cause diffuse cognitive deficits, including problems attentively, memory, executive functioning, and knowledge processing. Attention and knowledge processing speed can sometimes be suffering from a brain tumor and/or its treatment. As with any operation, the awake operation has the potential for risks and complications. Bleeding, brain swelling, infection, brain damage as well as death are the ones that are included in these. Seizures, weakness of muscles, and memory-related problems and thinking problems might be the other possible surgical complications.

You can gently wash your hair around a fortnight after surgery. Drinking a little amount of alcohol is safe, but you’ll be more vulnerable to the mind-altering effects of alcohol after the operation, and there’s also an increased risk of occurrence of fits or seizures while the intake of alcohol is in larger amounts. Percent means what percentage out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for people with a cancerous brain or CNS tumor is approximately 34% for men and 36% for ladies. However, survival rates vary widely and depend upon several factors, including the sort of brain or medulla spinalis tumor.

A mild brain injury could also be temporary. It causes headaches, confusion, memory problems, and nausea. During a moderate brain injury, symptoms can last longer and be more pronounced. The other sort of headache is caused by pressure changes in your head. During surgery, this technique is broken and therefore the pressure can drop, causing a “low pressure” headache. The trauma of surgery also can cause swelling around the brain; this will cause raised pressure within the top, causing a “high pressure” headache.

Brain surgery may be a lot for your body to deal with. Swelling within the brain after an operation means it’ll take a while before you are feeling the enjoy having your tumor removed. You’ll experience dizzy spells or get confused about where you’re and what’s happening. These episodes can come and go. One of the issues which will occur after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is seizures. Most seizures happen within the first several days or weeks after a brain injury. Even after months and years of surgery, some might develop them. About 70-80% of individuals, who have seizures, are helped by medications and may return to most activities.

Dent in the head after a concussion

Also called a light traumatic brain injury, this includes injuries to the brain that are caused by a blow to the top or body, a fall, or another trauma that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull. People that suffer from concussions might not always exhibit symptoms that are apparent to others.  Below given are the symptoms related to the concussion as well as minor head injuries:

  • Loss of consciousness for a couple of seconds to a couple of minutes
  • Confusion; memory and/or concentration problems
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Memory loss (amnesia) of events before the injury or immediately after it
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Altered level of consciousness, like being drowsy or difficult to awaken

A dent within the head could also be thanks to a skull fracture. Injury to the skull can occur after any direct force, like a car accident, fall, or physical assault. An injury to the brain, referred to as a traumatic brain injury (TBI), can sometimes accompany a skull fracture, but that’s not always the case. These injuries affect brain function, usually for a quick period, leading to signs and symptoms of concussion. This sort of brain injury may cause bleeding in or around your brain, causing symptoms like prolonged drowsiness and confusion. These symptoms may develop immediately or later.

In most people, symptoms occur within the primary seven to 10 days and get away within three months. Sometimes, they will persist for a year or more. Effective management of your symptoms happens to be the treatment goal after a concussion. In many cases, an individual with a concussion never loses consciousness. While some concussions are less serious than others, there might not be any such thing as a “minor concussion,” according to Neurosurgeons and other brain injury experts. Permanent damage might not be caused due to a single concussion in most of the cases.

In post-concussion syndrome, symptoms persist longer than would be expected from the character of the injury. They often worsen over time whereas symptoms directly associated with a head injury are worst at the start and slowly improve. A concussion is described as a mild brain injury by the medical providers or practitioners as it is not a life-threatening condition. Even so, the consequences of a concussion are often serious. Most of the people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. For about days, weeks, or still longer some of the symptoms might exist.

Dent in the head from birth

Sometimes babies are born with an indentation in their skull. These indentations are often caused by the birth process or by the way the baby was positioned in their mother’s womb. If the bones during a baby’s skull fuse prematurely, the baby’s head may appear dented or misshapen a condition called Craniosynostosis. Craniosynostosis may be a condition during which one or more of the sutures close too early, causing problems with normal brain and skull growth. Premature closure of the sutures can also cause the pressure inside the top to extend and therefore the skull or facial bones to varying from a traditional, symmetrical appearance.

Affecting nearly an estimated one in every 1,800 to 3,000 children, this Craniosynostosis is a very rare condition. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis is that the commonest sort of the condition, accounting for 80-95% of all cases. There are quite 150 different syndromes that will cause syndromic craniosynostosis, all of which are very rare. If not corrected, craniosynostosis can create pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). That pressure can lead to development problems, or to permanent brain damage. Many sorts of craniosynostosis might get serious results, including death when not treated.

The procedure generally takes approximately two to 3 hours. After surgery, your child will occupy the Hospital for recovery and follow-up care. Most youngsters stay for a mean of three to 5 days. Craniosynostosis occurs in one in about 2500 live births and affects males twice as often as females. it’s most frequently sporadic (occurs accidentally with no known genetic cause), but in some families, craniosynostosis is inherited by passing on specific genes that are known to cause this condition. These risks are small. Most severe complications and deaths from surgery for craniosynostosis are associated with blood loss. There is also a risk of injury to the underlying brain which will cause significant neurological abnormalities, including weakness and seizures.

Dent in the head after the bump

The symptoms of a minor head injury usually resolve by themselves within 24 hours. If your child experiences a knock, bump or blow to the top, sit them down, comfort them, and confirm the rest. You’ll hold a chilly compress to their head; try a bag of ice or frozen peas wrapped during a dish towel. Seek immediate medical advice if symptoms like mild dizziness and a headache worsen.

A bump on the rear of the top has many possible causes, including injuries, cysts, fatty growths, inflamed hair follicles, and bone spurs. Medical attention is a must for the people having a concussion or any other severe head injury. Other causes of bumps on the rear of the top can also require an individual to ascertain a doctor. This is often a standard concern for folks as even a minor head bump can cause large swelling. When the bleeding is restricted to at least one area, it causes bruising and swelling also called a hematoma. Occasionally, a blow to the top could also be severe enough to cause bleeding in or around the brain.

Finding a bump on the top is extremely common On the skin, under the skin, as well as on the bone, there are chances of occurrence of some lumps as well as bumps. Additionally, each human skull features a natural bump on the rear of the top. This bump, called an Inion, marks rock bottom of the skull where it attaches to the neck muscle.

Vitamin A toxicity and dent in the head

Vitamin A toxicity can cause softening of the bones, including the skull, which may cause an indentation. Additional symptoms of vitamin A toxicity include dizziness and headache.

Is dent in head cancer?

Skull base tumors most frequently grow inside the skull but occasionally form on the surface. They will originate within the skull base as a primary tumor or spread there from cancer elsewhere within the body as a metastatic brain tumor. Skull base tumors are classified by tumor type and site within the skull base. In the front section of the skull base (anterior cranial fossa), which contains the attention sockets and sinuses, the subsequent tumors are more likely:

  • Meningioma
  • Olfactory neuroblastoma (esthesioneuroblastoma)
  • Paranasal sinus cancer

The central compartment of the skull base (middle cranial fossa) contains the sella turcica, a saddle-shaped bony structure within the skull base where the pituitary is found. Tumors arising during this area are called sellar tumors, and should include:

  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Rathke’s cleft cyst

At the rear compartment of the skull base (posterior cranial fossa), the subsequent tumors are more common:

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Chordoma
  • Epidermoid tumor
  • Meningioma

Other Skull Base Tumours

These include the following,


Chondromas are very rare benign tumors made from bone cartilage found within the skull. Both the skull base and therefore the paranasal sinuses contain cartilage. Chondromas can develop during this cartilage, typically in people between the ages of 10 and 30. These tumors grow slowly but eventually may cause the bone to fracture or grow an excessive amount of, creating pressure on the brain. In rare instances, chondromas may become a cancerous condition called chondrosarcomas. Though each individual may experience symptoms differently, when a chondroma develops, it’s going to cause visual changes or headaches. Diagnosing a chondroma may include imaging studies like X-ray, CT scan or MRI to work out the dimensions and site of the tumor.


Sac-like protrusions of a part of the brain as well as meninges through openings in the skull are known as Encephaloceles. These rare birth defects occur when the ectoderm, during which the brain and medulla spinalis form, fails to shut completely during fetal development. Skin or, less often, a skinny membrane covers the sac outside the skull. Encephaloceles can occur within the base of the skull, the highest or back of the skull, or between the forehead and nose. Conditions related to encephaloceles include hydrocephalus (excess accumulation of spinal fluid within the brain), developmental delays, microcephaly (an abnormally small head), paralysis and seizures. When an encephalocele occurs, it’s going to cause any or all of the subsequent symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Nasal drainage
  • Meningitis
  • Visual disturbances
  • Tinnitus

Diagnosing encephaloceles includes an analysis of the nasal fluid for a protein called beta-2 transferrin which is most only found in spinal fluid. CT and MRI scans can also be required working out the situation and severity of the leakage.


Hemangiopericytomas are rare tumors that involve the blood vessels. They’re common within the legs, pelvic area, head, neck, and brain. The occurrence of painless masses having few or no symptoms is the condition that is termed as Hemangiopericytomas. Most hemangiopericytomas are found in soft tissues but may occur within the skull base, cavity and paranasal sinuses. These tumors could also be benign or malignant; cancerous hemangiopericytomas can spread to the bone, lungs or liver.

In addition to an entire medical record and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for hemangiopericytomas may include an X-ray, CT scan or MRI to work out the dimensions and site of the tumor. Hemangiopericytoma treatment involves surgery, involving either a craniotomy or an endonasal endoscopic procedure. The surgeon may recommend treatment with radiation or chemotherapy after surgery to extend the probabilities of an honest outcome.

Skull Base Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma

Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma also referred to as juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, may be a benign tumor within the nose usually found in adolescent boys. Nasopharyngeal Angio fibromas spread into areas around the nose, causing symptoms like a stuffy nose and bleeding from the nose.

Skull Base Osteoma

Benign bony outgrowths also known as new bone growth that is mostly found on the skull and facial bones are known as Osteomas. If the bone tumor grows on another bone, it’s called homoplastic osteoma. If it grows on tissue, it’s called Heteroplastic osteoma. Skull base osteomas are slow-growing and usually cause no symptoms. But, problems in breathing, vision or hearing can be caused at some locations due to the large osteomas.

Petrous Apex Lesions

Petrous apex lesions are abnormalities that occur within the tip of the bone within the skull next to the center ear. The foremost common sort of petrous apex lesion is benign cholesterol granulomas, which are cysts. Cholesteatomas, petrous capacities, petrous apex effusion, as well as bone cancer are included in the various petrous apex lesions. Most petrous apex lesions are benign. However, patients with other sorts of cancer may develop metastatic petrous apex lesions, which are malignant tumors that originate as cancer elsewhere within the body then spread to the brain.

Skull base tumor-related signs and symptoms

Symptoms appear slowly because the tumor grows and puts pressure on vital structures within the brain like the pituitary, the optical nerves and therefore the carotid arteries. Specific symptoms depend upon the sort, location, and size of the tumor. For instance, tumors involving the skull base and nose can affect breathing and a sense of smell. Some tumors within the pituitary can affect vision and swallowing.

Below given are the most common symptoms related to the skull base tumors:

  • Headaches
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Altered sense of smell
  • Blurred or Diplopia
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Hearing loss

Other symptoms may include:

  • Loss of balance
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Memory loss

What are the danger factors of skull base tumors?

There are not any obvious causes for the event of skull base tumors. Risk factors may include:

  • Previous radiotherapy to the top to treat an infection of the scalp, or tumors of the top, neck or brain
  • Exposure to chemicals, including vinyl chloride, arsenic, and herbicides
  • Certain genetic conditions

How are skull base tumors diagnosed?

Diagnosing skull base tumors starts with a physical exam including questions on your symptoms, and private and family health history. A neurological exam will check your vision, hearing, balance, coordination, reflexes, and skill to think and remember.

Imaging of the brain may include:

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan)
  • Bone scan, during which material is injected into your bloodstream. The tumor absorbs the fabric and a special camera is employed to supply a picture employing a computer. This manner your doctor can locate the bone tumor and detect any spread of cancer into other organs.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scans will detect changes in cells as they grow. Often utilized in conjunction with a CT, a PET/CT identifies tumor cells injected with radioactive glucose in order that they are often compared with normal parts of the brain.
  • Endoscopy, which uses a skinny, lighted instrument to look at the nasal passages.

Skull Base Tumor Treatment

When a skull base tumor is diagnosed, the subsequent course of action is suggested by a team of specialists who work together to work out and perform the foremost appropriate procedure for every patient. Treatment for skull base tumors and conditions may include any combination of observation, surgery, and radiotherapy depending on:

  • The location of the tumor
  • The extent of the tumor and whether it’s benign or malignant
  • Your general health and preferences regarding potential treatment options

Dent in the head after Botox

To relax muscles, if this medication is used, then it might cause. redness, bruising, infection, and pain at the injection site, dizziness, mild difficulty swallowing, respiratory infections like cold or flu, pain, nausea, headache, as well as muscle weakness. Some people experience a slight headache following an injection into the muscles within the forehead. It can last a couple of hours to a couple of days. Consistent with a 2001 study, about 1 percent of patients may experience severe headaches which will last for 2 weeks to at least one month before slowly disappearing.

Botox cannot be removed or dissolved, Broumand said. Even as the treatment gradually kicks in, the consequences of Botox gradually fade. It can take anywhere from three to 5 months, consistent with Yagoda. But eventually, the muscle activity comes back. According to Anolik, it takes nearly three to seven days for the Botox to show its full effect. The result lasts an excellent three to four months, waning gradually. But you’ll want to re-up before it wears off entirely to stay skin as smooth as possible.

Botox is remarkably safe; especially considering it is a powerful toxin. Occasionally, a light headache that lasts a couple of hours may occur after injection in the muscles of the forehead. Very rarely, though, that headache may become excruciating and may last as long as a month.

Neck pain and headache are the foremost common side effects for people that get chronic migraine headaches and use Botox. It’s rare, but you’ll have an allergy to Botox. Signs of this will be hives, shortness of breath, or swelling in your lower legs.

How to fix headphone dent in the head

Over time the sounds from your headphones cause the hair cells within the cochlea to bend down an excessive amount of or too severely. However, headphones do not have to be extremely loud to wreck your ears. Even taking note of headphones or earbuds at a moderate volume can damage your hearing over time.

Dent on the head and now no hair

In its commonest form, alopecia causes small round or oval patches of baldness on the scalp. Abnormalities in the surface of their fingernails such as tiny pits or dents, grooves, superficial splitting, or an abnormal area of redness can be seen in most of the people having Alopecia. Alopecia areata may be a skin disease that causes hair loss, usually in patches, most frequently on the scalp. Generally, bald patches occur suddenly while only affecting a limited area. In about12 months or less, the hair re-grows.

Alopecia areata may be a skin disease that causes hair loss, usually in patches, most frequently on the scalp. Usually, the bald patches appear suddenly and affect only a limited area. The hair grows back within 12 months or less. For a few people, however, the matter can last longer and be more severe, causing total baldness (alopecia totalis) or total loss of hair (alopecia Universalis).

The explanation for alopecia is perhaps an autoimmune reaction. This suggests the body’s system incorrectly attacks the body’s own cells. Within the case of alopecia, the cells under fire are within the hair follicles (structures that grow hair), especially follicles within the scalp. Genetic (inherited) factors may play a task, too, particularly when the disorder strikes those under age 30. Almost 40% of individuals younger than age 30 with alopecia have a minimum of one loved one who has been diagnosed with an equivalent disorder.

In people who have asthma, hay fever, thyroid disease, vitiligo which is a condition during which patches of skin lose their color, pernicious anemia as well as mongolism, there are greater chances of risk of developing alopecia. Although experts once believed episodes of alopecia might be triggered by stress, newer research has did not prove that stress may be a factor. About 60% of individuals with alopecia experience the primary episode of hair loss before age 20. It’s usually followed by hair regrowth. However, it’s normal for the matter to return back. New bald patches can develop at an equivalent time older ones are regrowing hair.


In its commonest form, alopecia causes small round or oval patches of baldness on the scalp. The world of bald skin looks smooth and normal. In most cases, there are not any other scalp symptoms. Occasionally, there’s mild itching, tingling, tenderness or a burning sensation within the affected area.

Most of the people who have alopecia also have abnormalities within the surface of their fingernails like,

  • Tiny pits or dents
  • Grooves
  • Superficial splitting
  • Abnormal area of redness

In rarer, more severe sorts of the disorder, hair loss can involve the whole scalp or the whole body, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, underarm hair and bush (hair around the genitals).


Your doctor will usually be ready to diagnose alopecia supported examination of the areas of your hair loss and your symptoms. to seem for further evidence, your doctor may pull gently on the hairs near the sting of the bald area to work out whether these hairs begin very easily and to examine them for any structural abnormalities of the basis or shaft. If there’s still doubt about the diagnosis, a little skin biopsy of your scalp may confirm the diagnosis. During a biopsy, a little piece of skin is removed and examined during a laboratory.

Expected Duration

In most small patches of alopecia, the hair re-grows within 6 to 12 months. However, it’s normal for the matter to happen again.


Alopecia areata can’t be prevented.


Although there’s no permanent cure for alopecia, there are ways in which may short-circuit the body’s autoimmune reaction within the scalp and encourage hair re-growth. Options include:

  • Cortisone cream applied on the bald patches or cortisone solution injected into the bald patches to suppress the immune response
  • Immunotherapy using chemicals like diphenylcyclopropenone (also called Di-phencyprone or DCP) or squaric acid dibutyl ester (SADBE) on the scalp which will produce an allergy, which can neutralize the turned-on immune cells.
  • Topical minoxidil (Rogaine), which can increase hair growth by accelerating the speed of the natural hair cycle and increasing the diameter of hairs that begin to grow.
  • Anthralin (Drithocreme, Dritho-Scalp, Micanol) applied to the scalp, which causes a scalp irritation which will stimulate early hair regrowth and may be used with minoxidil
  • Psoralen and ultraviolet A phototherapy (controlled exposure of the affected skin to ultraviolet light)
  • A short course of corticosteroids (such as prednisone) orally, or rarely, intravenously (through a vein) for adult patients with extensive hair loss

 Medical term for dent in head

A dent in your head (also referred to as a skull depression) can indicate several medical conditions. It also can be genetic or happen due to an injury.

Dent in head with hair loss

Alopecia areata may be a sort of alopecia (hair loss). It’s a non-life-threatening disease of your system that affects the hair on your scalp. With this condition, your body mistakenly views your hair follicles as an enemy. Your body attacks the hair follicles. This causes some or all of your hair to fall out. it always begins with the hair on your head. There are three severe sorts of alopecia, including:

  • Areata (patchy hair loss on your head).
  • Totalis (complete hair loss on your head).
  • Universalis (the loss of all body hair).

Alopecia isn’t contagious. It occurs in men, women, and youngsters of all ages. However, it’s more common in children and adults in their early 20s.

Symptoms of alopecia

The main symptom of alopecia is hair loss that happens in small, round patches on your head. This leaves smooth, peach-colored areas of scalp exposed. A light case of alopecia starts with one to 2 coin-size hairless patches. In many instances, it stops then. Sometimes, the hair will grow back. However, there’s no guarantee.  The condition is unpredictable, and therefore the cycle of hair loss and regrowth can repeat itself.

Alopecia areata can grow into another sort of alopecia. In its worst form, Alopecia Universalis causes you to lose all hair. This includes eyebrows, eyelashes, arms, legs, underarms, pubic, and chest and back hair for men. Rarely, people that have alopecia may feel burning or itching within the areas where they once had hair. Some people with alopecia see changes in their fingernails and toenails. Nails can have tiny dents (pitting), have white spots or lines, and be rough.

Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

  • Gradual thinning on top of the head. This is often the foremost common sort of hair loss, affecting both men and ladies as they age. …
  • Circular or patchy bald spots. …
  • Sudden loosening of hair. …
  • Full-body hair loss. …
  • Patches of scaling that cover the scalp.

What causes alopecia areata?

There is no known cause for alopecia. It’s an autoimmune disorder. This suggests your system attacks a part of your body by mistake. Scientists think the explanation for the disease could also be associated with a person’s genes. Therein case, they believe an epidemic or something in your environment may trigger the disease.

How is alopecia diagnosed?

See your doctor if you’re experiencing significant hair loss. There are many reasons for hair loss. Your doctor will check out your hair loss pattern. Your medical record would be reviewed by him or her. They’re going to check to ascertain if the hairless areas of your scalp are smooth and peach-colored. Sometimes, the remaining hair in alopecia features a specific shape. Your doctor may pull a few hairs from your head to look at under a microscope. If your doctor can’t confirm a diagnosis, he may send you to a lab for a test. They’re going to scrape a little sample of skin from your scalp and appearance at it under a microscope. This will help them rule out other conditions that cause hair loss. You’ll even have a biopsy to seem for other autoimmune diseases.

Can alopecia be prevented or avoided?

The condition can’t be prevented or avoided. The cause is unknown and varies by person. Alopecia isn’t tied to worry, as some people believe. Some people have a case history of alopecia. Having a loved one with alopecia and another system disease can raise your risk of getting it. Other system diseases include type-1 diabetes, atrophic arthritis, thyroid disease, lupus, Addison’s disease, and atopic eczema. It’s rare for a parent to pass the condition onto a toddler.

Alopecia areata treatment

There is no cure for alopecia. If you’ve got a couple of, small patches of hair loss on your head, it’s likely your hair will grow back within a couple of months. Your doctor might not prescribe treatment in those cases. For larger areas of hair loss, your doctor may prescribe steroid injections under your scalp. This might help re-grow your hair. Other treatments include hair growth medicines that contain steroids that you simply apply to your skin.

Contact immunotherapy is another treatment. It purposely causes an allergy on your scalp that would trigger hair growth. With this treatment, the drug that’s applied to your scalp irritates your skin, making it red and scaly. It could take as long as three months to ascertain hair growth if this treatment works. Contact immunotherapy does have side effects, including a severe rash and swollen lymph nodes in your neck.

No matter what therapy you are trying, hair loss usually returns once you stop treatment.

However, albeit your hair grows back fully after an episode of alopecia, it’s common to possess one or more recurrences of the condition throughout your life. A couple of people that develop alopecia will reach total scalp baldness (alopecia totalis). You’ve got eyelash and/or eyebrow hair loss.

Dent in head and dizziness

If an individual cares a few dents in their head, they ought to see a doctor. It’s especially important to hunt medical attention if additional symptoms are present, like nausea, confusion, or dizziness. Some dents within the head don’t require treatment. Treatment of the indentation might be helped by surgery in many other instances.

Dent in head from trauma

A head injury occurs as a result of trauma to the scalp, skull or brain and should be classified as closed (no move the skin) or penetrating (skin and/or bone of the skull is broken). Along with trauma immediately or developing slowly over time the symptoms of head injury occur. Apart from head CT, head MRI or head x-ray, your physician might ask for a physical and neurologic exam in assessing the character and severity of your injury while determining the appropriate treatment required. While patients with minor head injuries could also be observed and treated with medication, more serious traumatic brain injuries may require emergency care to get rid of blood clots or relieve pressure on the brain.

Will the dent in my head go away?

According to research within the journal BMJ Case Reports, most congenital skull depressions from a birth injury spontaneously resolve in about 4 months. In other cases, a dent within the head requires treatment. For instance, an individual with a depressed skull fracture will need surgery. The symptoms of a minor head injury usually resolve by themselves within 24 hours.

How to fix a dent in the head?

A small semi-custom or custom made silicone implant will work alright for augmenting that dent. It also can be placed through a really small incision which may be a huge advantage of the silicone material. This even has been done repeatedly for men with head dent/shape concerns that were never a problem until they lost their hair or began to shave their heads.

Dent in head post craniotomy

The swelling of the scalp due to fluid might be quite common. After the swelling goes down, you’ll have a dent in your head. Some sorts of plates stay attached to carry the skull flap to your head. If your head was shaved, you’ll want to wear hats or scarves on your head until your hair grows back.

Dent in the head after cyst removal

Cysts are usually noncancerous and have a sac-like structure that will contain fluid, pus, or gas. Cysts are common and may occur anywhere on the body. Infection, clogging of sebaceous glands, as well as around earrings, might mostly cause Cysts. Most cysts are asymptomatic and haven’t any signs. Most cysts don’t require treatment; however, physicians may use needle aspiration or surgical removal to treat some cysts. These cysts are treated by most of the specialists including medical and surgical ones. Ask a doctor before trying home remedies to get rid of cysts.

Because no deep stitches are placed within the wound, it’s important that pressure is applied so the blood won’t collect where the cyst was. Some wounds will have transparent or yellow fluid drainage after this procedure. The drainage is fairly common after the removal of huge cysts. A cyst may be a small lump crammed with fluid. They form under the skin. Cysts are quite common and typically haven’t any symptoms or side effects. A surgeon is typically ready to remove a cyst easily. However, even after removal, a cyst may reappear.

Many pilar cysts heal without treatment if an individual is careful to not damage the skin. This removal could be necessary to scale back pressure on the brain from conditions that cause swelling. After the swelling has gone down, the removed portion of the skull is generally restored by surgeons. This usually resolves the dent. Additional side effects following operation vary counting on the rationale for the operation

Dent in the head above eyebrow

That bulging region is understood as supra-orbital ridge overlying which lies above the eyebrow. Ongoing below you approach the supra-orbital margin which is rounded in medial 1/3 rd but sharp in lateral 2/3 rd which then goes inwards to make an orbital plate of os frontale which forms the anterior a part of the roof of the orbit. Superciliary arches are more prominent in adult males.

Dent on top of the head

The dent on top of your skull bone could also be anything from a nonfused plate since childhood to recent subcutaneous erosion of bone of unknown reason.

Dent in the head after fall

Skull fractures occur as a result of a blow or impact to the top. Injury to the skull can occur after any direct force, like a car accident, fall, or physical assault.

Dent in the head from sunglasses

According to my understanding, there could also be two possibilities sunglasses may “dent” your head. First, the sunglasses are too heavy that it’s going to press your eyes into the skin? That’s a good imagination but I don’t see it happens. it’s known to the entire world that gravity is a downside. It’s going to add pressure on your nose rather than on your skin. Second, you’ll worry that the sunglasses’ legs may leave a dent on your head? Oh, that’s possible. But the sole reason causes the matter is because the sunglasses are too small for the wearer. it’s so tight that there’ll be dents on head and wearer will feel uncomfortable. Get a pair of sunglasses of appropriate size will prevent the issues.

Will dent in head go way?

According to research within the journal BMJ Case Reports, most congenital skull depressions from a birth injury spontaneously resolve in about 4 months. In other cases, a dent within the head requires treatment. For instance, an individual with a depressed skull fracture will need surgery.

Dent in the head after steroid injection

Atrophy happens to be one of the various side effects of steroid injections. Atrophy appears as an indentation within the skin at the location of injection. The patient may ask it as a “dimple” or a “depression.” Others may call it a “dent” or maybe a “hole” The indentation can often be better felt than seen.

The concentration of steroids used by the doctors decides the risk of development of indentations. Higher concentrations (10 mg/ml) provide, a greater risk of causing atrophy than lower concentrations (2.5 or 5 mg/ml). Some studies suggested that the danger could also be as high as 3 in 10 patients when a dose of 10 mg/ml is employed. As the steroid affects collagen and elastin beneath the skin, it leads to the occurrence of indentations. The steroids inhibit the expansion of fibroblasts, which are the cells that collagen and elastin. Studies have shown there’s less collagen made and it’s degraded more quickly. There’s a discount on the diameter of collagen fibrils. The collagen bundles become atrophic and separated. Almost like collagen, elastin fibers become thin and fragmented.

Atrophy typically is seen by 3 weeks if it’s getting to occur. a crucial point to be made is that the atrophy is usually reversible provided more injections aren’t given to a neighborhood already showing atrophy. In about 3-4 months duration, the skin gets to normal situation. Steroid injections shouldn’t be re-administered timely to a neighborhood that has not “recovered” as further atrophy can occur – a number of which may be very long-lasting.

Treatment for steroid atrophy is especially to attend for the body to start out making more collagen and elastin again during a few months. If this doesn’t happen, saline injections, dermal fillers, and fat injections are often considered.

Dent in head symptoms

Symptoms, like headaches, amnesia, and vision difficulties that would be connected to a dent in your skull.

What causes a dent in the head?

Trauma, cancer, bone diseases, and other conditions cause this dent in the head.

What cancer causes a dent in the head?

There are case reports of skull depressions that have led doctors to get cancer during a person. Skull depressions and skull irregularities might be caused by bone-destructive cancer while these cases are rare.

Dent in head that comes and goes

Usually, there is no such condition that repeats itself. However, if the cause due to which the dent occurred isn’t completely avoided, then it might lead to such instances of reoccurrence of dents on the head.

Dent in the head all of a sudden

Without any cause, dent won’t generally occur. It is just that the cause might be not clear or unknown until it is completely assessed. When it occurs suddenly it doesn’t mean that it is any miracle. It too might have been caused only as a reaction to something that has already been going on in the body for some time. Streamer with a dent in the head is just inconclusive as it hasn’t been much reported anywhere in accordance with the occurring of dent in the head. Of course, if it has been in the shape of a streamer, then it possibly might justify the term involved.

Dent in the head behind the ear

Even this particular condition has no such typical cause known till now. However, an injury or a compression over that particular part with the use of any such indenting object for a certain long time might usually cause that situation in those who have lower bone density and less rigid skull. Or else, there is no certain cause for this particular condition.

Dent in head and migraines

Sometimes when the dents over the head also cause pain at that site or around it or in the head, they get misinterpreted as the pain due to migraine. However, it is not that true. This pain related to dent is different from that due to the migraine. As the dent reduces or disappears, the pain too must disappear if it is due to the dent. If not, then there might be any other cause for the pain.

Dent in head on left side

As for now, there is no such condition that has a dent over the particular side of the head as a symptom of it. There might any other underlying causes irrespective of the side of the skull on which the dent occurs on the head. Injury over that particular side of the head might cause indentation on the same side of the head. Otherwise, there is no such thing that differs its symptoms between left and light sides of the head and skull.


In our childhood, we might have several times fallen down. In most such situations, we develop a dent over our heads and also bump at some times. This might be quiet common in those days. However, the occurrence of the dent in adulthood needs a quite great explanation. It is not that common and ordinary. Sometimes while it could be harmless, it might be a greater matter of concern at different times depending on the severity of the condition. As soon as one observes a dent or bump in his or her head region, they get worried regarding their condition as this might be concerned with the brain as it exists in the skull and is very much crucial in one’s life. In reality, what does dent in head mean? It has many answers. It might be due to injury, functional abnormality, a complication of surgery, a side effect of a medication, a disorder, a disease, etc and so on. These many reasons for a single condition make it difficult for an ordinary man to assess the exact problem behind it. This is why there is a need for a diagnosis of this situation to be done by a physician or a medical practitioner.

Even a physician might get confused or lost if it is a dent in the head with no injury. He might need you to get various sorts of imaging tests done. Only after studying the results of those tests, he might get to a conclusion regarding your condition. Sometimes even these tests have nothing to show significantly. At such times, there is nothing much a physician can really do rather than just prescribing you the symptomatic therapy and waiting for the dent to disappear by itself or wait till any further developments can be seen in the condition.

Similarly, even what causes a dent in your head, also has many answers. Among the causes given above in the article, your condition might also be one among them. Sometimes there is a scope for a new cause also to lead you to this situation. Only after a complete diagnosis of the condition by a physician, the cause can surely be known. Unexplained dent in the head is often disturbing as it might lead to mental, psychological and economical disturbances along with loss of productivity.

Especially if it is a dent in the head overnight, there are greater chances of getting worried about the condition and their health. Even if it is a dent in the head no trauma, similar consequences arise as the cause isn’t completely assessed in most of the cases. Dent in the head from energy drinks seems to be a myth for some while it is termed as a side effect of energy drinks by many. However, the occurrence of a dent in a hard structure like the skull can only be by the loss of rigidity of the skull. This might be possible as a reaction or side effect of the energy drinks that contain various harmful products in it in smaller quantities.

While causes and symptoms are such, the treatment happens to be the crucial step of physicians in this condition. If the cause isn’t completely known, then the treatment might get difficult to be decided. With advancements in technological usage in the field of medicine, there are greater chances and ways of diagnosis of various conditions in the present situation. Based on the results provided by these various sorts of tests, the diagnosis and therapy have been made easy to the Physician.

However, with an increase in the types of conditions and disorders that the patients come up with, like the dents in head that have no certain reasons, there is a greater need for further advancements in terms of diagnosis and therapy. Overall, it is to be known that mild and minute dent is nothing to worry of. However, if it severe and is accompanied by many other harmful symptoms, it needs to be brought to the notice of the Physician who might assess the condition and later treat it as needed and as appropriate.

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